First Aid for Stains
Author/Submitted by: Polly's Pointers,
Shared by Sherilyn Schamber
Blood: Fresh stain soak in cold water then sponge with warm suds and rinse. If stain persists, sponge with ammonia water solution (3 tablespoon to each gallon of water). Old stains from heavy fabrics and mattresses can often be removed by a paste of starch and water left to dry. Or wet the blood spot with water then shake on a little meat tenderizer. Leave on 15-30 minutes, then sponge with cool water and wash as usual. Or make a paste of meat tenderizer and water and apply to fabric. Hydrogen peroxide will also absorb bloodstains. Sponge on, let stand a min or two, then blot with a damp cloth. Stains that have been set for a while may require more than one application. Repeat until stain is gone. Launder as usual.
Chewing Gum: Rub with ice to harden, scrape off excess and sponge with dry-cleaning fluid. Lighter fluid may also work but use extreme caution: flammable.
Chocolate: Warm water and mild soapsuds, then dry-cleaning fluid (available in supermarkets).
Coffee and tea: Club soda then blot.
Crayon: Loosen with shortening, then apply detergent. Work it in until stain is removed then launder. If stain remains, pretreat with liquid household cleaner.
Fruit stains: Boiling water. If hot water could damage fabric, sponge with cool water. If stain remains, sponge with hydrogen peroxide or lemon juice and water.
Glycerin can remove also, work into fabric, let sit several hrs.then add a few drops of white vinegar and rinse thoroughly before laundering.
Glue: Mucilage: Apply detergent solution. If persists, use white vinegar, 1/4c and 3/4c warm water. Let sit 15 minutes, then launder.
Household cement: Apply nail polish remover with an eye dropper, sponge with clean cloth. Do not use on synthetics.
Plastic model cement: Immerse stain in 10% white-vinegar solution, keep at the boiling point 15 minutes, then rinse.
Rubber cement: Use a grease solvent.
Dried white glue: Household ammonia. soak in warm water, then apply to spots, rub between fingers and rinse with clear water. Rub dry.
Sticky glue from price tags and labels: Sponge with rubbing alcohol or lighter fluid or soak spots in hot white vinegar
Grease and tar: If spots are hard and dry, apply Vaseline, rub between hands then apply dry-cleaning fluid. If persists, work detergent into it, then launder.
Bar soap for clothes Rub in well and rinse.
Waterless hand cleaner rubbed into stain, then launder. Paper towels can absorb grease and excess cleaner while you're working it into the fabric.
Cornstarch is good for fabrics that shouldn't be touched with water and for napped fabrics like velvet or fur. Rub into the spot, press with a warm steam iron (towel placed under the spot to absorb the grease) then brush away the excess cornstarch. Be sure to use a press cloth on top for wool or napped fabrics.
Instant first aid: (salad dressing or butter) Carry talcum powder in you purse (sure) sprinkle on spot. Let stand a few minutes then brush off.No grease stands will remain. ** Greasy collars and cuffs: Try using shampoo, one designed for oily hair if stains are very bad, as a presoak solution. Rub into fabric, wait a few minutes, then wash as usual. On very tough spots, ammonia and water rubbed in with a medium bristle brush is effective.
Ink: Ball point pen: Use hair spray. Spray stain thoroughly. Let dry, then launder.
Fresh stains from pen inks of various kinds, carbon paper, and printing ink: use rubbing alcohol. Sponge and rinse.
Sour milk or 1/2 milk and 1/2 vinegar. Repeat if necessary.
Make-up: Dip toothbrush in baking soda and water and brush rings very lightly. Rinse by brushing with clear water, blot dry. Good for delicates.
Lipstick: Soften with glycerin, then launder in hot water as fabric will stand.
Non washable garments: Use dry cleaning solvent. Lay fabric face down on paper towels, sponge the back with a dry cleaning solvent and replace towels with clean ones to absorb red color. When stain has disappeared, dampen with water, rub with bar soap, rinse with cool water.
Perfume: Rubbing alcohol. For acetate, dilute alcohol with 2 parts water.
Fingernail polish spots should be sponged with pure amyl acetate then laundered. (drugstores) If stain persists, sponge with rubbing alcohol to which you have added a few drops of ammonia. Do not use nail polish remover on fabrics.
Mildew and rust stains: On white fabrics, rub with lemon juice and salt. Bleach in sun for several hours then wash in sudsy water and rinsed.
Buttermilk is also effective on mildew. Soak as long as it takes, 1-24 hrs.
Hydrogen peroxide on older, heavier mildew stains. Sponge on, then launder with bleach that is safe for the fabric in question. Less delicate fabrics can be soaked in bleach water, (1 tablespoon bleach to a qt of water), 15-20 minutes, rinse, wash.
Oxalic acid (pharmacist) is a last resort. Dissolve 1 teaspoon in 1c of barely warm water and pour back and forth through spot. A small spot may be dipped up and down in the solution. When stain has been remove, rinse immediately.
Mud: Let dry. Brush well. If not removed, sponge with cool water. If not removed, rub with detergent. Sponging with alcohol: Dilute with 2 parts water before using on acetates.
Paint: Turpentine. or baby oil, especially effective in cleaning paint (oil, acrylic, or latex) from hands and fingernails.
Latex, when fresh: wash out in warm water and soap. Dried paint: Saturate with rubbing alcohol.
Varnish: Rub with Vaseline, then soak in turpentine.
Perspiration and deodorant: Sponge old stains with white vinegar and new ones with ammonia. for very stiff stains, soak area in warm white vinegar then rinse and launder.
Scorch: Heavy marks can't be removed. If stained but not really burned, dampen a cloth with hydrogen peroxide. Lay on the scorched spot, cover with another pressing cloth and iron over it with iron set on hottest setting safe for the fabric. Rinse with clear water.
Wine: Soak in buttermilk before laundering.
Baby formula: Protein stains. Use enzyme detergent. Paste of meat tenderizer and water, or soak in hot water with 1 teaspoon or so cream of tartar.